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From: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
To: Barebox List <barebox@lists.infradead.org>
Subject: [PATCH 08/14] Add rational_best_approximation()
Date: Tue, 18 May 2021 13:49:23 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210518114929.12964-9-s.hauer@pengutronix.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210518114929.12964-1-s.hauer@pengutronix.de>

Import rational_best_approximation() from Linux. This is used by an
upcoming update of the clk_fractional_divider code.

Signed-off-by: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
---
 include/linux/rational.h |  20 ++++++++
 lib/math/Makefile        |   1 +
 lib/math/rational.c      | 100 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 121 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/rational.h
 create mode 100644 lib/math/rational.c

diff --git a/include/linux/rational.h b/include/linux/rational.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..33f5f5fc3e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/rational.h
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * rational fractions
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 emlix GmbH, Oskar Schirmer <oskar@scara.com>
+ *
+ * helper functions when coping with rational numbers,
+ * e.g. when calculating optimum numerator/denominator pairs for
+ * pll configuration taking into account restricted register size
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_RATIONAL_H
+#define _LINUX_RATIONAL_H
+
+void rational_best_approximation(
+	unsigned long given_numerator, unsigned long given_denominator,
+	unsigned long max_numerator, unsigned long max_denominator,
+	unsigned long *best_numerator, unsigned long *best_denominator);
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_RATIONAL_H */
diff --git a/lib/math/Makefile b/lib/math/Makefile
index c2c892dd55..756d7dd90d 100644
--- a/lib/math/Makefile
+++ b/lib/math/Makefile
@@ -1,2 +1,3 @@
 obj-y += div64.o
 pbl-y += div64.o
+obj-y += rational.o
diff --git a/lib/math/rational.c b/lib/math/rational.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..e5367e6a8a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/math/rational.c
@@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * rational fractions
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 emlix GmbH, Oskar Schirmer <oskar@scara.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * helper functions when coping with rational numbers
+ */
+
+#include <linux/rational.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+
+/*
+ * calculate best rational approximation for a given fraction
+ * taking into account restricted register size, e.g. to find
+ * appropriate values for a pll with 5 bit denominator and
+ * 8 bit numerator register fields, trying to set up with a
+ * frequency ratio of 3.1415, one would say:
+ *
+ * rational_best_approximation(31415, 10000,
+ *		(1 << 8) - 1, (1 << 5) - 1, &n, &d);
+ *
+ * you may look at given_numerator as a fixed point number,
+ * with the fractional part size described in given_denominator.
+ *
+ * for theoretical background, see:
+ * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continued_fraction
+ */
+
+void rational_best_approximation(
+	unsigned long given_numerator, unsigned long given_denominator,
+	unsigned long max_numerator, unsigned long max_denominator,
+	unsigned long *best_numerator, unsigned long *best_denominator)
+{
+	/* n/d is the starting rational, which is continually
+	 * decreased each iteration using the Euclidean algorithm.
+	 *
+	 * dp is the value of d from the prior iteration.
+	 *
+	 * n2/d2, n1/d1, and n0/d0 are our successively more accurate
+	 * approximations of the rational.  They are, respectively,
+	 * the current, previous, and two prior iterations of it.
+	 *
+	 * a is current term of the continued fraction.
+	 */
+	unsigned long n, d, n0, d0, n1, d1, n2, d2;
+	n = given_numerator;
+	d = given_denominator;
+	n0 = d1 = 0;
+	n1 = d0 = 1;
+
+	for (;;) {
+		unsigned long dp, a;
+
+		if (d == 0)
+			break;
+		/* Find next term in continued fraction, 'a', via
+		 * Euclidean algorithm.
+		 */
+		dp = d;
+		a = n / d;
+		d = n % d;
+		n = dp;
+
+		/* Calculate the current rational approximation (aka
+		 * convergent), n2/d2, using the term just found and
+		 * the two prior approximations.
+		 */
+		n2 = n0 + a * n1;
+		d2 = d0 + a * d1;
+
+		/* If the current convergent exceeds the maxes, then
+		 * return either the previous convergent or the
+		 * largest semi-convergent, the final term of which is
+		 * found below as 't'.
+		 */
+		if ((n2 > max_numerator) || (d2 > max_denominator)) {
+			unsigned long t = min((max_numerator - n0) / n1,
+					      (max_denominator - d0) / d1);
+
+			/* This tests if the semi-convergent is closer
+			 * than the previous convergent.
+			 */
+			if (2u * t > a || (2u * t == a && d0 * dp > d1 * d)) {
+				n1 = n0 + t * n1;
+				d1 = d0 + t * d1;
+			}
+			break;
+		}
+		n0 = n1;
+		n1 = n2;
+		d0 = d1;
+		d1 = d2;
+	}
+	*best_numerator = n1;
+	*best_denominator = d1;
+}
-- 
2.29.2


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  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-05-18 11:52 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 22+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-18 11:49 [PATCH 00/14] clk updates Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 01/14] clk: introduce clk init op Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:57   ` Ahmad Fatoum
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 02/14] clk: rename clk_register() to bclk_register() Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 12:06   ` Ahmad Fatoum
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 03/14] clk: introduce struct clk_hw Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 12:17   ` Ahmad Fatoum
2021-05-19  6:55     ` Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 04/14] clk: introduce clk_register() Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 12:21   ` Ahmad Fatoum
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 05/14] clk: divider: Add ro ops Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 12:21   ` Ahmad Fatoum
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 06/14] clk: mux: " Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 07/14] clk: move fixed_factor to include/linux/clk.h Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` Sascha Hauer [this message]
2021-05-18 12:23   ` [PATCH 08/14] Add rational_best_approximation() Ahmad Fatoum
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 09/14] clk: Update fractional divider from Linux Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 10/14] clk: Add lock to different clock types Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 11/14] clk: Add Linux functions to register a divider Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 12/14] clk: Add Linux functions to register a fixed factor clock Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 13/14] clk: Add Linux functions to register a gate Sascha Hauer
2021-05-18 11:49 ` [PATCH 14/14] clk: Add Linux functions to register a mux Sascha Hauer

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